ICMR-NCDIR reserves the right
to update or change information contained in the database at any time. NCDIR doesn't
guarantee continuous, uninterrupted or secure access to the website as some factors
outside NCDIRâ€™s control may interfere with the performance. The cancer estimates
are only for representative purpose and should not use for treatment/ legal purposes.
This data is in the public domain and is made available for researchers to use it.
Whenever used, due acknowledgement must be given to ICMR-NCDIR for the same.
Due care has been taken for the accuracy of the data. However, any error, inconsistency/mistake, or any further information may please be communicated at
Cancer Samiksha, National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, NirmalBhawan-ICMR Complex (II Floor), Poojanahalli, N.H 7,Kannamangala Post, Bengaluru 562110 (India).
All neoplasms with a morphology behaviour code of â€˜3â€™ / â€˜6â€™ as defined by the International Classification of Diseases â€“ Oncology, (Third edition) are considered reportable and therefore registered.
A person having diagnosed with a malignancy is considered as cancer case.
As per WHO guidelines for estimating population and grouping of cancers using five year age group i.e, 0-4, 5-9, 10-14,â€¦, 75+.
Age has been grouped 5 year wise. A child below one year age is considered as 0.
Cancer incidence refers to new cases diagnosed in a given population in a specified period of time. For example all cancers diagnosed from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012 in defined geographic area will be registered for 2012.
Rates for cancer are always expressed per 100,000 population.
This rate is expressed per 100,000, obtained by dividing the number of new cases by the corresponding estimated population (mid-year) and multiplying by 100,000.
This is the number of new cases per 1,00,000 population in a defined geographic area in a specified time period.
For a specified five-year age group and sex the age specific rates are the annual number of cases per 100,000 people in the population of that age and sex.
This is the number of new cases of a particular age group per 1,00,000 Population of the same age group.
The age-adjusted rates are rates that would have existed if the population under study had the same age distribution as the "standard" population. Age adjusting rates is a way to make fairer comparisons between groups with different age distributions. The world standard population approximates the proportional age distribution of the world and is given below:
ai is the age specific rate (ASpR) in age class i;
wi is the world standard population in age class i;
A represents the number of age intervals.
(or) expressed in more simpler terms thus:
Age standardized rate expresses the number of new case per 100,000 population of world standard population so that the rate can the compared among different population on whose age structure are different such as India and USA.
Truncated Age Adjusted Rate (TR): Similar to age adjusted rate except that it is calculated for the truncated age group of 35-64 years of age.
The truncated rate is actually express the incidence in the most vulnerable age group (35 - 64) for cancer.
The growth rate of the population between the census years 2001 and 2011 has been used (through the Difference Distribution Method of Takiar and Shobana, 2009) to estimate the mid-year populations (five year age group and total) for the years, 2012 to 2014.
The Census Population for the year 2001 and 2011 were obtained from the website http://www.censusindia.gov.in.
ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO).
ICMR-NCDIR reserves the right to update or change information contained in the database at any time. NCDIR doesn't guarantee continuous, uninterrupted or secure access to the website as some factors outside NCDIRâ€™s control may interfere with the performance. The cancer estimates are only for representative purpose and should not used for legal or clinical purposes. This data is in the public domain and is made available for researchers to use it. Whenever used, due acknowledgement must be given to ICMR-NCDIR for the same.
We would like to acknowledge the contribution of the cancer registry staff at all PBCRs and HBCRs and that of the sources of registrations for their contribution of valuable data. The guidance provided by the ICMR-NCDIR Scientific Advisory Committee and the Research Area Panel on cancer is graciously acknowledged.
1. Census of India - Registrar General of India, Socio Cultural Tables, C14, Population by Five Year Age Group, by Residence and Sex, New Delhi 1981, 1991, 2001 & 2011 (http://www.censusindia.net).
2. IARC Monographs - Supplement 7, Overall evaluations of carcinogenicity; An updating of IARC monographs Volume 1-42: IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risks to humans. IARC Lyon, 1987, 357-61.
3. National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research- National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) Consolidated Report of Population-Based Cancer Registries 2012-2014, Bengaluru, 2016 (http://www.ncdirindia.org).
4. National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research- National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) Consolidated Report of Population-Based Cancer Registries 2009-2011, Bengaluru, 2013 (http://www.ncdirindia.org).
5. National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research- National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) Consolidated Report of Hospital-Based Cancer Registries 2012-2014, Bengaluru, 2016 (http://www.ncdirindia.org).
6. Takiar R. and Shobana B. Cancer Incidence Rates and Problem of Denominators - A New Approach in Indian Cancer Registries: Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev; Vol. 10, 2009.
Any use of data published in this web-site should be referenced as follows:
National Cancer Registry Programme. Cancer Samiksha [Internet]. Bengaluru (India): ICMR-National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research. 2019-[updated Year Month Date; cited Year Month date]. Available from: http://www.ncdirindia.org/cancersamiksha/
Data source: NCDIR-NCRP, Three-year Report of the Population-Based
Cancer Registries PBCRs: 2012-2014, Bengaluru, 2016.
Though, some of the
states are partially or fully covered by PBCRs, the coverage is vastly of urban
area and does not cover rural areas except in North East region. Some of the states/UT
do not house a PBCR. The 24 states that has either only an urban PBCR or no PBCR was not included in this visualisation. The following 12 states have been used for visualising cancer
incidence estimates and their coverage are as follows,
The PBCRs at Mizoram,
Manipur, Sikkim and Tripura cover the entire state and their respective cancer incidence
rate would represent that of the respective state. These are the actual cancer incidence
rates and are not estimates.
The pooled incidence
rates was assumed to represent the entire state where more than one PBCR (Arunachal
Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Maharashtra)covering both urban & rural
population has been in operation. These are not the actual cancer incidence rates
and are estimates.
In states where there
is a single PBCR (Punjab, Nagaland and Meghalaya) and there is a modest coverage
(U+R) of the population, the incidence rate generated by this single PBCR was assumed
to represent that of the entire state. These are not the actual cancer incidence
rates and are estimates.
Since Delhi urban PBCR
covers 98% of the total population of Delhi UT, the incidence rate of PBCR was assumed
to represent the rate of entire Delhi UT. This is not the actual cancer incidence
rates and are estimates.
Since, there are shortcomings
in the coverage of area in each state, the estimates need to be viewed and interpreted